Physikalisch-Metorologisches Observatorium Davos -- World Radiation Center pmod-wrc
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Publications 2001-Present
PMOD/WRC Publications:   2001 - 2005

Each publication has a reference number, which is part of a continuous numbering scheme of PMOD/WRC publications. Please contact Seraina Egartner or Sandra Kissling to obtain any of these publications: (Staff of PMOD/WRC)

  1. R. Philipona and A. Ohmura: Pyrgeometer Absolute Calibration and the Quest for a World Radiometric Reference for Longwave Irradiance Measurements, In Proceedings IRS’2000: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, A. DEEPAK Publishing, Hampton VA, USA, 2001.
  2. Ch. Marty and R. Philipona: Surface Radiation Budget and Cloud Forcing over the Alps, In Proceedings IRS’2000: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, A. DEEPAK Publishing, Hampton VA, USA, 2001.
  3. D. Schmucki, S. Voigt, R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, J. Lenoble, A. Ohmura and Ch. Wehrli: Effective Albedo derived from UV Measurements in the Swiss Alps, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 106, No. D6, p. 5369 – 5383, 2001

  4. T. Ingold, Ch. Mätzler, Ch. Wehrli, A. Heimo, H. Kämpfer and R. Philipona: Ozone Column Density Determination from Direct Irradiance Measurements in the UV performed by a Four Channel Precision Filter Radiometer, Applied Optics, Vol. 40, No. 12, p. 1989 - 2003, 2001

  5. R. Philipona, A. Schilling and D. Schmucki: Albedo enhanced Maximum UV Irradiance – measured on surfaces oriented normal to the sun, Photochemistry and Photobiology, 73 (4), 366 – 369, 2001

  6. R. Philipona: A Sky-scanning Radiometer for Absolute Measurements of Atmospheric Longwave Radiation, Applied Optics, Vol. 40, No. 15, p. 2376 – 2383, 2001

  7. C. Fröhlich and M. Anklin: Uncertainty of Total Solar Irradiance: An Assessment of the Last 20 Years of Space Radiometry, Metrologia, 37, 387-391, 2000

  8. C. Fröhlich: Total solar irradiance variations since 1978, Adv. Space Res., Vol. 29, No. 10, pp. 1409 – 1416, 2002

  9. W. Finsterle and C. Fröhlich: Low-Order p Modes from VIRGO Irradiance Data, Solar Physics 200: p. 393-406, 2001

  10. C. Fröhlich, T. Appourchaux and D. Gough: Dependence on Azimuthal Order of the Amplitudes of Low-Degree p Modes, in A. Willson (ed.), Helio and Asteroseismology at the Dawn of the Millenium, ESA SP-464, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2001

  11. C. Fröhlich and W. Finsterle: Total Solar Irradiance from VIRGO on SoHO, in A.Willson (ed.), The Solar Cycle and Terrestrial Climate, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, 25.-29 September 2000, ESA SP-463, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000

  12. C. Fröhlich and W. Finsterle: VIRGO Radiometry and Total Solar Irradiance 1996-2000 Revised, in P.Brekke, B.Fleck and J.B. Gurman (eds.), Recent Insights into the Physica of the Sun and Heliosphere – Highlights from SoHO and other Space Missions ASP Conference Series, Vol. 200, 2001

  13. U. Mürset, T. Dumm, S. Isenegger, H. Nussbaumer, H. Schild, H.M. Schmid and W. Schmutz: High resolution spectroscopy of symbiotic stars. V. Orbital and stellar parameters for FG Ser (AS 296) in A&A 353, 952-957, 2000

  14. T. Dumm, D. Folini, H. Nussbaumer, H. Schild, W. Schmutz and R. Walder: A wind acrretion wake in RW Hydrae? In A&A 354, 1014-1020, 2000

  15. J. R. Kuhn, L. Floyd, C. Fröhlich, J. M. Pap: Using Precise Solar Limb Shape: Measurements to study the Solar Cycle, in Space Science Reviews 94, 169-176, 2000

  16. H. Schild, T. Dumm, U. Mürset, H. Nussbaumer, H.M. Schmit and W. Schmutz: High resolution spectroscopy of symbiotic stars. VI. Orbital and stellar parameters for AR Pav, in A&A, 366, 972 – 980, 2001

  17. W. Schmutz W and W.D. Vacca: From Extrasolar Planets to Cosmology: The VLT Opening Symposium. WR stars in star forming regions, ESO Astrophysics Symposia, in: Bergeron J., Renzini A., (eds) Springer Berlin, p. 307 – 312, 2000

  18. Ch. Marty: Surface radiation, cloud forcing and greenhouse effect in the alps. Doctoral thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of technology, Zürich, Diss. ETH No. 13609, p.140., 2000

  19. E. Vocks, R. Busch, C. Fröhlich, S. Borelli, H. Mayer and J. Ring: Influence of weather and climate on subjective symptom intensity in atopic eczema, in International Journal of Biometeorology, 45, 27 – 30, 2001

  20. Jahresbericht PMOD/WRC 2000, 2001

  21. PMOD/WRC International Pyrheliometer Comparison IPC IX, Results and Symposium, Working Report No. 197, MeteoSwiss, Davos & Zürich, 2001

  22. A. Brkovic, S.K. Solanki and I. Rüedi: Analysis of blinkers and EUV bright rings in the quiet Sun observed with CDS, in A&A 373, 1056-1072, 2001

  23. O. Stahl, I. Jankovics,, J. Kovács, B. Wolf, W. Schmutz, A. Kaufer, Th. Rivinius and Th. Szeifert: Long-term spectroscopic monitoring of the Luminous Blue Variable AG Carinae, in A&A 375, 54 - 69, 2001

  24. W. Schmutz, C. Fröhlich, I. Rüedi, H. Roth, Ch. Wehrli, J. Wyss: SIM3D: Solar Irradiance Monitor – 3D-view. In: B. Battrick, H. Sawaya-Lacoste (eds.) Solar encounter. Proceedings of the First Solar Orbiter Workshop,. ESA SP-493, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, p. 447 – 450, 2001

  25. A. Pauluhn, I. Rüedi, S.K. Solanki, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, J. Lang, T. Thompson and J. Hollandt: Intercalibration of SUMER and CDS on SOHO. II. SUMER detectors A and B and CDS NIS in Applied Optics, Volume 40, No. 34, p. 6292 – 6300, 2001

  26. R. Philipona, E.G. Dutton, T. Stoffel, J. Michalsky, I. Reda, A. Stifter, P. Wendling, N. Wood, S.A. Clough, E.J. Mlawer, G. Anderson, H.E. Revercomb and T.R. Shippert: Atmospheric longwave irradiance uncertainty: Pyrgeometers compared to an absolute sky-scanning radiometer, atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer, and radiative transfer model calculations, in Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 106, No. D22, p. 28129 – 28141, 2001

  27. R.D. Blum, D. Schaerer, A. Pasquali, M. Heydari-Malayeri, P.S. Conti and W. Schmutz: 2 Micron narrowband adaptive optics imaging in the arches cluster, in ApJ, 122, p. 1875-1887, 2001

  28. P. Weihs, J. Lenoble, M. Blumthaler, T. Martin, G.Seckmeyer, R. Philipna, A. De la Casiniere, C. Sergent, J. Gröbner, T. Cabot, D. Masserot, T. Pichler, E. Pougatch, G. Rengarajan, D. Schmucki, S. Simic: Modeling the effect of an inhomogenous surface albedo on incident UV radiation in mountainous terrain: determination of an effective surface albedo, in Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 28, No. 16, p. 3111-3114, 2001

  29. T. Egorova, E.V. Rozanov, M.E. Schlesinger, N.G. Andronova, S.L. Malyshev, V.A. Zubov, I.L. Karol: Assessment of the Effect of the Montreal Protocol on Atmospheric Ozone, Geoph. Res. Let. 28, No. 12, 2389-2392, 2001

  30. Th. Rivinius, S. Stefl, O. Stahl, B. Wolf, A. Kaufer, D. Baade, Th. Dumm, Th. Gäng, J. Gracia, C. Gummersbach, Jankovics, L. Kaper, J. Kovacs, H. Lehmann, H. Mandel, J. Peitz, D. Schafer, J. Schweickhardt, W. Schmutz, Th. Szeifert. S. Tubbesing: Stellar and circumstellar variability of the Be star Cen IV in The Journal of Astronomical Data 7, No. 5, 2001

  31. E.V. Rozanov, M.E. Schlesinger, V.A. Zubov: The University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign three-dimensional stratosphere-troposphere general circulation model with interactive ozone photochemistray: Fifteen-year control run climatology in Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, D21, p. 27233-27254, 2001

  32. S.L. Skinner, M. Güdel, W. Schmutz, I.R. Stevens: Chandra Detection of a Close X-Ray companion and Rich Emission-Line Spectrum in the Wolf-Rayet Binary Velorum, in The Astrophysical Journal, 558, L113-L116, 2001

  33. A. Brković, S.K. Solanki, I. Rüedi: The Quiet-Sun Variability as Seen by CDS and SUMER. in: P. Brekke, B. Fleck, and J.B. Gurman (eds.), Recent Insights into the Physics of the Sun and Heliosphere - Highlights from SOHO and Other Space Missions, ASP Conf. Ser., IAU Symp. 203, p. 381, 2001

  34. A. Pauluhn, S.K. Solanki, U. Schühle, K. Wilhelm, J. Lang, W.T. Thompson, I. Rüedi, J. Hollandt, M.C.E. Huber: Comparison of quiet Sun radiances measured by CDS and SUMER on SOHO, Space Science Rev. 97, 63–66, 2001

  35. A. Pauluhn, S.K. Solanki, I. Rüedi, E. Landi E, U. Schühle: Statistical features of the Quiet Sun in EUV, in: P. Brekke, B. Fleck, and J.B. Gurman (eds.), Recent Insights into the Physics of the Sun and Heliosphere - Highlights from SOHO and Other Space Missions, Astron. Soc. Pacific Conf. Ser., IAU Symp. 203, p. 416–418, 2001

  36. A. Pauluhn, I. Rüedi, S.K. Solanki, J. Lang, C.D. Pike, U. Schühle, W.T. Thompson, M.C.E. Huber: Radiance of Solar Spectral Lines observed with CDS and SUMER. In: R.J. Garcia Lopez, R. Rebolo, M.R. Zapaterio Osorio (eds.) Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun, XI, Astron. Soc. Pacific Conf. Ser. Vol. 223, p. 721–726, 2001

  37. T. Appourchaux, B. Andersen, G. Berthomieu, W. Chaplin, Y. Elsworth, W. Finsterle, C. Fröhlich, D. Gough, J.T. Hoeksema, G. Isaak, A. Kosovichev, J. Provost, P. Scherrer, T. Sekii, T. Toutain: G-mode detection: Where do we stand? In: P. Pall´e and A. Wilson (eds), Helio- and Asteroseimology at the dawn of the Millenium, ESA SP-464, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, p. 467, 2001

  38. C. Fröhlich, W. Finsterle: VIRGO Radiometry and Total Solar Irradiance 1996-2000 Revised. In: P. Brekke, B. Fleck, and J.B. Gurman (eds.), Recent Insights into the Physics of the Sun and Heliosphere: Highlights from SOHO and other Space Missions, ASP Conf. Ser., IAU Symp. 203, p. 105–108, 2001

  39. B. McArthur, J. R. Slusser, N.T. O’Neill, C. Wehrli, D.H. Halliwell, O.J. Neibergall: Comparison of optical depth measurements at the Bratt’s Lake Observatory, Saskatchewan, Canada. In: American Association for Aerosol Research, 20th Annual Conference October 2001, Portland, USA, 2001

  40. C. Wehrli: New trial phase of the WMO/GAW aerosol optical depth network. In: American Association for Aerosol Research, 20th Annual Conference October 2001, Portland, USA, 2001

  41. M. Gabathuler, Ch. Marty, K. Hanselmann: Parameterization of Incoming Longwave Radiation in High-Mountain Environments, Physical Geography (V.H. Winston & Son) 22, 99 – 104, 2001

  42. M. Fligge, S. K. Solanki, J. M. Pap, C. Fröhlich, Ch. Wehrli: Variations of solar spectral irradiance from near UV to the infrared - measurements and results, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 63, 1479-1487, 2001

  43. J. Lenoble. R. Martin, M. Blumthaler, R. Philipona, A. Albold, T. Cabot, A. de la Casiniere, J. Gröbner, D. Masserot, M. Müller, T. Pichler, G. Seckmeyer, D. Schmucki, M. Toure, A. Yvon: An attempt to retrieve the ultraviolet aerosol optical depth during a spring campaign in the Bavarian Alps in Appl. Optics, Vol. 41, No.9, p. 1629-1639, 2002

  44. J. Lenoble, T. Martin, M. Blumthaler, R. Philipona, A. Albold, T. Cabot, A. De la Casiniöre, J. Gröbner, D. Masserot, M. Möller, Th. Pichler, G. Seckmeyer, D. Schmucki, M. L. Tourö, A. Yvon: Retrieval of the ultraviolet aerosol optical depth during a spring campaign in the Bavarian Alps, Appl. Optics, Vol. 41, No.9, p. 1629-1639, 2002

  45. A. Brković, S.K. Solanki, I. Rüedi: Quiet-sun variability observed with SUMER and CDS, A&A 385, 257 - 263, 2002

  46. A. Brković, E. Landi, M. Landini, I. Rüedi and S.K. Solanki: Models for solar magnetic loops - II. Comparison with SOHO-CDS observations on the solar disk, A&A 383, 661 – 677, 2002

  47. Ch. Marty, R. Philipona, C. Fröhlich, A. Ohmura: Altitude dependence of surface radiation fluxes and cloud forcing in the Alps: Results from the Alpine Surface Radiation Budget Network, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 72, 137 – 155, 2002

  48. J. Pap, C. Fröhlich, J. Kuhn, S. Sofia, R. Ulrich: A discussion of recent evidence for solar irradiance variability and climate, Adv. Space Research, Vol. 29, No. 10, pp. 1417 – 1426, 2002

  49. J. Pap, M. Turmon, L. Floyd, C. Fröhlich, and Ch. Wehrli: Total solar and spectral irradiance variations from Solar Cycles 21 to s23, Adv. Space Research, Vol. 29, No. 12, pp. 1923 - 1932, 2002

  50. A. Brković , S.K. Solanki, I. Rüedi: Statistical features of the Quiet Sun in EUV. In: P. Brekke, B. Fleck, and J.B. Gurman (eds.), Recent Insights into the Physics of the Sun and Heliosphere - Highlights from SOHO and Other Space Missions, ASP Conf. Ser., IAU Symp. 203, p. 381, 2001

  51. Jahresbericht PMOD/WRC 2001, 2002

  52. M. Haberreiter, I. Hubeny, E. Rozanov, I. Rüedi, W. Schmutz, and T. Wenzler: Towards a spherical code for the evaluation of solar UV-bands that influence the chemical composition in the stratosphere. In: A. Wilson (eds.) From Solar Min to Max: Half a Solar Cycle with SOHO, ESA SP-508, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, p. 209 – 212, 2002

  53. A. Pauluhn, J. Lang, U. Schühle, S.K. Solanki, K. Wilhelm, C.D. Pike, W.T. Thompson, I. Rüedi, J. Hollandt, and M.C.E. Huber: Intercalibration of CDS and SUMER, in: A. Wilson (eds.) SOHO 11 Symposium From Solar Min to Max: Half a Solar Cycle with SOHO, ESA SP-508, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, p. 223 – 226, 2002

  54. E. Rozanov, T. Egorova, C. Fröhlich, M. Haberreiter, T. Peter, and W. Schmutz: Estimation of the Ozone and Temperature Sensitivity to the Variation of Spectral Solar Flux, in: A. Wilson (eds.) SOHO 11 Symposium From Solar Min to Max: Half a Solar Cycle with SOHO, ESA SP-508, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, p. 181 – 184, 2002

  55. S.L. Skinner, S.A. Zhekov, M. Güdel, and W. Schmutz: XMM-Newton detection of hard X-Ray emission in the nitrogen-type Wolf-Rayet star WR 110, The Astrophysical Journal, 572, p. 477 - 486, 2002

  56. R. Wachter, J. Schou, A. Kosovichev, and H.P. Scherrer: Optimal masks for g-mode detection in MDI velocity data, In: A. Wilson (eds.) SOHO 11 Symposium From Solar Min to Max: Half a Solar Cycle with SOHO, ESA SP-508, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, p. 115 – 118, 2002

  57. A. Pauluhn, J. Lang, U. Schühle, S. Solanki, K.Wilhelm, W. T. Thompson, C. D. Pike, I. Rüedi, J. Hollandt, M.C.E. Huber: Intercalibration of CDS and SUMER, In: A. Pauluhn, M.C.E. Huber, R. von Steiger (eds.) The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, ISSI Scientific Report SR-002, p. 235 – 247, 2002

  58. PMOD/WRC, Physikalisch-Meteorologisches Observatorium Davos und Weltstrahlungszentrum (PMOD/WRC), Revue Schweiz, Publireportage 4, p. 43, 2002

  59. S.L. Skinner, S.A. Zhekov, M. Güdel, W. Schmutz: SMM-Newton and very large array observations of the variable Wolf-Rayet star EZ Canis Majoris: Evidence for a close companion?, The Astrophysical Journal, 579, p. 764 – 773, 2002

  60. M. Haberreiter, E. Rozanov, I. Rüedi and W. Schmutz: Representation of opacity data in solar model atmosphere calculations. In Stellar Atmosphere Modeling, I. Hubeny, D. Mihalas, K. Werner (eds.), ASP Conference Series, 165 – 168, 2003

  61. D. Schmucki, and R. Philipona: Ultraviolet radiation in the Alps: the altitude effect, Optical Engineering, Vol. 41, No 12, 2002

  62. R. Philipona: Underestimation of solar and diffuse radiation measured at Earth’s surface, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 4654, 2002

  63. R. Philipona and Ch. Wehrli: Towards radiometric standards for longwave radiation and aerosol optical depth measurements, Third GAW-CH Conference: Ozone, Radiation and Aerosols, Swiss Agency for the Environment, Forests and Landscape UM-153-E, pp. 76 - 79, 2002

  64. R. Philipona, Ch. Wehrli, A. Heimo, and L. Vuilleumier, Radiation Measurements and Climate Change in the Alps, "Atmospheric Research at the Jungfraujoch and in the Alps" Workshop; 182. SANW Jahreskongress Davos, p. 21- 22, 2002

  65. Ch. Wehrli: Aufbau eines neuen Messnetzes für Aerosol Optische Dicke, GAW Brief #9 des DWD, http://www.dwd.de/research/mohp/hp2/gaw/gaw.htm, 2002

  66. A. P. Nagurny, E. V. Rozanov, T. A. Egorova, and E. Y. Medvedchenko: Model assessment of the long-term temperature and precipitation changes in Arctic for different scenarios of possible greenhouse gas and aerosol loading, Meteorology and Hydrology, N1, 35 - 45, 2002 (in Russian)

  67. T. Egorova, E. Rozanov, I. Karol, V. Zubov and S. Malyshev: Modeling of the Global Total Ozone Interannual Variations in 1993 - 2000 and the Effect of Ozone-Depleted Substances Production Limitations. Meteorology and Hydrology, N1, 5 - 13, 2002 (in Russian)

  68. E. V. Rozanov, M. E. Schlesinger, N. G. Andronova, F. Yang, S. L. Malyshev, V. A. Zubov, T. A. Egorova, and B. Li, Climate/chemistry effects of the Pinatubo volcanic eruption simulated by the UIUC stratosphere/troposphere GCM with interactive photochemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 107 (D21), 4594, 2002

  69. J. Pap and C. Fröhlich: International Solar Cycle Studies (ISCS), “Solar Energy Flux Study: From the Interior to the Outer Layer” – Working Group 1 Report, in Adv. Space Research, Vol. 29, No. 10, pp. 1571 – 1582, 2002

  70. Ch. Wehrli: Calibration of Filter Radiometers for the GAW Aerosol Optical Depth network at Jungfraujoch and Mauna Loa, Workshop on “Atmospheric Research at the Jungfraujoch in the Alps, 182. SANW Jahreskongress, p. 70 – 71, 2002

  71. B. Dürr and R. Philipona: Longwave Radiation Measurements Compared to Radiative Transfer and Weather Prediction Models, Workshop on “Atmospheric Research at the Jungfraujoch an in the Alps, 182. SANW Jahreskongress, p. 72 – 73, 2002

  72. C. Fröhlich and C. Wehrli: Variability of Spectral Solar Irradiance from VIRGO/SPM Observations, PMOD/WRC internal report, 2002

  73. C. Fröhlich and J. Lean: Solar Irradiance Variability and Climate, in Astron. Nachrichten, Vol. 23, No. 3 / 4, pp. 203 – 212, 2002

  74. T. Dumm, M. Güdel, W. Schmutz, M. Audard, H. Schild, M. Leutenegger, and K.A. van der Hucht: XMM Observations of the WR+0 System Gamma Velorum, in F. Jansen & TBD (eds.) New Visions of the X-ray Universe SMM-Newton and Chandra Era’, 26-30 November 2001, ESA SP-488, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2002

  75. C. Fröhlich: Long-Term Behaviour of Space Radiometers, in Metrologia, Vol. 40, p. 60 – 65, 2003

  76. C. Fröhlich: Solar Irradiance Variability, Solar Energy Flux Variations, in AGU, Geophysical Monograph Series, Vol. 141, p. 97 – 110, 2004

  77. J. Austin, D.Shindell, S.R. Beagley, C. Brühl, M. Dameris, E. Manzini, T. Nagashima, P. Newman, S. Pawson, G. Pitari, E. Rozanov, C. Schnadt, and T.G. Shephar: Uncertainties and assessments of chemistry-climate models of the stratosphere. In Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 3, pp. 1 – 27, 2003

  78. J.J. Michalsky, R. Dolce, E.G. Dutton, M. Haeffelin, G. Major, J.A. Schlemmer, D.W. Slater, J.R. Hickey, W.Q. Jeffries, A. Los, D. Mathias, L.J.B. McArthur, R. Philipona, I. Reda, and T. Stoffel: Results from the first ARM diffuse horizontal shortwave irradiance comparison in Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108, No. D3, 4108, 2003

  79. S. Degli Esposti: Das Physikalisch-Meteorologische Observatorium Davos und Weltstrahlungszentrum (PMOD/WRC), in Davoser Revue, 78. Jahrgang, Nr. 1, 2003

  80. Ch. Marty, R. Philipona, J. Delamere, E. G. Dutton, J. Michalsky, K. Stamnes, R. Storvold, T. Stoffel, S. A. Clough and E. J. Mlawer: Downward longwave irradiance uncertainty under arctic atmospheres: Measurements and modelling in Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108, No. D12, 4358, 2003

  81. S. K. Solanki and I. Rüedi: Spatial and temporal fluctuations in sunspots derived from DMI data in A&A 411, 249 – 256, 2003

  82. I. Rüedi and P. S. Cally: A comparison between model calculations and observations of sunspot oscillations in A&A 410, 1023 – 1028, 2003

  83. M. Haberreiter and W. Schmutz: Modelling the Solar UV Radiation, in A. Wilson (eds) Proceedings of the ISCS Symposium on Solar Variability as an Input to the Earth’s Environment, ESA SP, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, p. 289 – 292, 2003

  84. Z. Eker, P.N. Brandt, A. Hanslmeier, W. Otruba and C. Wehrli: Deriving effective sunspot temperatures from SOHO/VIRGO irradiance measurements, A starspot modelling approach, in A&A 404, 1107-1115, 2003

  85. L.J. B. McArthur, D.H. Halliwell, O.J. Niebergall, N.T. O’Neill, J.R. Slusser, C. Wehrli: Field comparison of network sunphotometers, in Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108, No. D19, 4596, 2003

  86. H. Schild, P.A. Crowther, J.B. Abbott and W. Schmutz: A large Wolf-Rayet population in NGC 300 uncovered by VLT-FORS2, A&A 397, p. 859 – 870, 2003

  87. C. Fröhlich: Solar Irradiance Variations, in: A. Wilson (eds.) Proceedings of the ISCS Symposium Solar Variability as an Input to the Earth’s Environment, ESA SP-535, ESA Publications Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, p. 183 – 194, 2003

  88. H. W. Barker, G.L. Stephen , P.T. Partain, J.W. Bergman, B. Bonnel, K. Campana, E.E. Clothiaux, S. Clough, S. Cusack, J. Delamere, J. Edwards, K.F. Evans, Y. Fouquart, S. Freidenreich, V. Galin, Y. Hou, S. Kato, J .Li, E. Mlawer, J.-J. Morcrette, W. O’Hirok, P. Räisänen, V. Ramaswamy, B. Ritter, E. Rozanov, M. Schlesinger, K. Shibata, P. Sporyshev, Z. Sun, M. Wendish, N. Wood, F. Yang: Assessing 1D atmospheric solar radiative transfer model: Interpretation and handling unresolved clouds, J. of Climate 16, pp.2676–2699, 2003

  89. T.A. Egorova, E.V. Rozanov, V.A. Zubov, I.L. Karol: Model for Investigating Ozone Trends (MEZON). Physics of atmosphere and ocean (Russian Academy of Sciences), Volume 39, No. 3, pp.277-292, 2003

  90. D.B. Ionov, T.A. Egorova, V. Zubov, Y. Ozolin, E. Rozanov: 2003, Global Fields of the Total Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide Contens Retrieved from Satellite Measurements and a Three.Dimensional Simulation, Physics of atmosphere and ocean (Russian Academy of Sciences) Volume 39, No 5, 558-567, 2003

  91. I.L. Karol, T. Egorova, V. Zubov, Y. Ozolin, E. Rozanov: Is the ‘’ozonehole’’ disappearing ?, Meteorology and Hydrology, No. 5, 106-110, 2003

  92. K. Matthes, K. Kodera, J.D. Haigh, D.T. Shindell, K. Shiabata, U. Langematz, E. Rozanov, Y. Kuroda: GRIPS solar experiments intercomparison project: initial results, Papers in Meteorology and Geophysics, Volume 54, No 2, 71-90, 2003

  93. A.J.J. Raassen, K.A. van der Hucht, R. Mewe, I. Antokhin, G. Rauw, J.-M. Vreux, W. Schmutz, M. Güdel: XMM-Newton high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of the Wolf-Rayet object WR 25 in the Carina OB1 association, Astronomy & Astrophysics, 402, p.653-666, 2003

  94. S.P. Smyshlyaev, V.A. Zubov, I.L. Karol, E.V. Rozanov, V.L. Dvortsov, E.V. Kurzeneva: Model Study of the Impact of Convective Processes on the Gas Composition of the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere, Physics of atmosphere and ocean (Russian Academy of Sciences), Volume 39, No. 4, 432-443, 2003

  95. P.A. Crowther, J.B. Abbott, L. Drissen, H. Schild, W. Schmutz, P. Royer, S.J. Smartt: Wolf-Rayet Stars at 1-2 Mpc. In: K.A. van der Hucht, A. Herrero, C. Esteban (eds.), Proc. IAU Symp. 212, A Massive Star Odyssey, ASP, San Francisco, p.547, 2003

  96. N. Fox, J. Aiken, J.J. Barnett, X. Briottet, R. Carvell, C. Fröhlich, S.B. Groom, O. Hagolle, J.D. Haigh, H.H. Kieffer, J. Lean, D.B. Pollock, T. Quinn, M.C.W. Sandford, M. Schaepman, K.P. Shine, W. Schmutz, P.M. Teillet, K.J. Thome, M.M. Verstraete, E. Zalewski: Traceable radiometry underpinning terrestrial- and helio-studies (TRUTHS), Advances an Space Research, 32, 2253-2261, 2003

  97. G. Thuillier, A. Joukoff, W. Schmutz: The PICARD mission. In: Proceedings of the ISCS Symposium, ‘Solar Variability as an Input to the Earth’s Environment’, A. Wilson (ed.), ESA SP-535, Noordwijk: ESA Publications Division, p. 251-257, 2003

  98. A.J.J. Raassen, K.A. van der Hucht, R. Mewe, I. Antokhin, G. Rauw, J.-M. Vreux, W. Schmutz, M. Güdel: XMM-Newton high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of the Wolf-Rayet object WR25 (WN6HA+04F), Advances in Space Research, 32, 1161-1165, 2003

  99. R. Wachter, J. Schou, A.G. Kosovichev, P.H. Scherrer: Optimal masks for solar g-mode detection, The Astrophysical Journal, 588: 1199-1203, 2003

  100. Jahresbericht PMOD/WRC 2002, 2003

  101. R. Philipona, B. Dürr and C. Marty: Greenhouse effect and altitude gradients over the Alps – by surface longwave radiation measurements and model calculated LOR, in Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 77, 1 – 7, 2004

  102. R. Philipona, B. Bürr, C. Marty, A. Ohmura and M. Wild: Radiative forcing – measured at Earth’s surface – corroborate the increasing greenhouse effect, in Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, L03202, 2004

  103. T. Egorova, E. Rozanov, E. Manzini, M. Haberreiter, W. Schmutz, V. Zubov, T. Peter: Chemical and dynamical response to the 11-year variability of the solar irradiance simulated with a chemistry-climate model, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, L06119, doi: 10.1029/2003GL019294, 2004

  104. B. Dürr, R. Philipona: Automatic cloud amount detection by surface longwave downward radiation measurements, in Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 109, D05201, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004182, 2004

  105. Jahresbericht PMOD/WRC 2003, 2004

  106. P. A. Crowther, L.J. Hadfield, H. Schild, W. Schmutz: An exceptional population of late-type WC stars in the metalrich spiral galaxy M 83* in in A&A 419, L17 - L 20, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361: 20040128, 2004

  107. R. Philipona, A. Ohmura: Messung des Treibhauseffektes in den Alpen, Bulletin, Magazin der ETH Zörich, No. 293, p. 18 - 20, 2004

  108. I. Karol, A. Kiselev, V. Zubov, T. Egorova, C. Hoyle, E. Rozanov: An assessment of the statistical significance of the total ozone changes simulated with global chemical transport model MEZON, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, :20108, doi:10.1029/2004GL020536, 2004

  109. M. Sutter, B. Dörr, R. Philipona: Comparison of two radiation algorithms for surface-based cloud-free sky detection, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 109, D17202, doi:10.1029/2004JD004582, 2004

  110. R. Philipona, B. Dörr: Greenhouse forcing outweighs decreasing solar radiation driving rapid temperature rise over land, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, L22208, doi:10.1029/2004GL020937, 2004

  111. L. Marakova, A. Shirochkov, A. Nagurny, W. Schmutz, E. Rozanov: Estimated Impact of Electric Current Related to Solar Wind Energy on the Conditions of the Middle Stratosphere (20-30km), Transactions of the Russian Academy of Sciences / Earth Science Section, Vol. 394, N1, 112-116, 2004

  112. L. Makarova, A. Shirochkov, A. Nagurny, E. Rozanov, W. Schmutz: Parameterization of the heating in the middle stratosphere due to solar wind-induced electric currents, J. Atmos. Solar-Terrestr. Phys., 66, 1173-1177, doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2004.05.008, 2004

  113. E. Rozanov, M.E. Schlesinger, T.A. Egorova, B. Li, N. Andronova, V.A: Zubov: Atmospheric Response to the Observed Increase of Solar UV Radiation from Solar Minimum so Solar Maximum Simulated by the UIUC Climate-Chemistry Model, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D01110, doi:10.1029/2003JD003796, 2004

  114. H. Schild, M. Gödel, R. Mewe, W. Schmutz, A.J.J. Raassen, M. Audard, T. Dumm, K.A. van der Hucht, M.A. Leutenegger, S.L. Skinner: Wind clumping and the wind-wind collision zone in the Wolf-Rayet binary y2 Velorum: XMM-Newton observations at high and low state, A&A 422, 177-191, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20047035, 2004

  115. T. Egorova, E. Rozanov, T. Peter, M. Haberreiter, W. Schmutz: Solar variability effects on dynamics and chemistry of the atmosphere and surface air temperature: evaluation of UV and visible radiation influence, Proceedings of the XX quadrennial ozone symposium, Ed. C. Zerefos, Kos, Greece, 742-743, 2004

  116. A. J.J. Raassen, R. Mewe, K.A. van der Hucht, W. Schmutz, H. Schild, T. Dumm, M. Gödel, M. Audard, M.A. Leutenegger, S.L. Skinner: XMM-Newton X-ray observations of g2 Velorum (WC8 + O7.5lll), NuPhS 132, 697-700, doi: 10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2004.04.124, 2004

  117. E. Rozanov, T. Egorova, W: Schmutz, V. Zubov: Simulation of the ozone and temperature response in the stratosphere to the phase of Arctic Oscillation, Proceedings of the XX quadrennial ozone symposium, Ed. C. Zerefos, Kos, Greece, 781-782, 2004

  118. J. Schaug, C: Wehrli: Sun photometer measurements within WMO GAW in Ny-ölesund at Spitzbergen, and in continental Europe during 2003 EMEP CCC-report 3/2004, Measurements, of Particulate Matter: Status Report 2004; ed. Jan Schaug, NILU, Norway, 2004

  119. N. Schmidbauer, C: Lunder, O. Hermansen, F. Stordal, J. Schaug, C: Wehrli, I.T. Pedersen, K. Holmön, O.-A. Braathen, J. Ström: Greenhouse gas monitoring at the Zeppelin station, Ny-ölesund, 2004

  120. M. Schraner, E. Rozanov, M. Wild, T. Egorova, A. Ohmura, T. Peter, W. Schmutz: Simulation of the ozone and temperature trends in the stratosphere fpr 1975-2000 with the chemistry-climate model SOCOL, Proceedings of the XX quadrennial ozone symposium, Ed. C. Zerefos, Kos, Greece, 785-786, 2004

  121. R. Wachter, M. Haberreiter, A.G. Kosovichev: Oscillation spectra of the line depth, inensity and velocity from radiative transfer calculations, In Proceedings of the SOHO 14 / GONG 2004 Workshop, ESA SP-559, 668-672, 2004

  122. V. Zubov, A. Kiselev, Y. Ozolin, I. Karol, E. Rozanov, T. Egorova, W. Schmutz, A. Shirochkov, L. Makarova, Solar wind impact on the circulation an dozone in the middle atmosphere, Proceedings of the XX quadrennial ozone symposium, Ed. C. Zerefos, Kos, Greece, 806-806, 2004

  123. V. Zubov, E. Rozanov, A. Shirochkov, L. Makarova, T. Egorova, A. Kiselev, Tu. Ozolin, I. Karol, W. Schmutz: Modeling of the Joule heating influence on the circulation and ozone concentration in the middle atmosphere, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 67, 155-162, doi: 10.1016/.jastp.2004.07.024, 2005

  124. C. Fröhlich, J. Lean: Solar radiative output and its variability: evidence and mechanismus, The Astron. Astrophys. Rev. 12: 237-320, doi 10.1007/s00159-004-0024-1, 2004

  125. A. Ortiz, V. Domingo, B. Sanahuja, C: Fröhlich: Excess facular emission from an isolated active region during solar minimum: the example of NOAA AR 7978, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 66, 67-75, doi 10-1016/j.jastp.2003.10.005, 2004

  126. R. Wachter, M. Haberreiter, A.G. Kosovichev: Oscillation spectra of line depth, intensity and velocity from radiative transfer calculations. In: Proceedings of the SOHO 14 / GONG 2004 Weorkshop, ''Helio- and Asteroseismology: Towards a Golden Future''. Ed. D. Danesy. (ESA SP-559) p. 668, 2004

  127. R. Wachter, A.G. Kosovichev: Properties of the acoustic source inferred from nonadiabatic oscillation spectra, In: Proceedings of the SOHO 14 / GONG 1004 Workshop, ''Helio- and Asteroseimology: Towards a Golden Future''. Ed. D. Danesy, (ESA SP-559) p.55, 2004

  128. H. Jabran Zahid, H.S. Hudson, C. Fröhlich: Total solar irradiance variation during rapid sunspot growth, Solar Physics 222: 1-15, 2004

  129. V. Zubov, E. Rozanov, A. Shirochkov, L. Makarova, T. Egorova, A. Kiselev, Tu. Ozolin, I. Karol, W. Schmutz: Modeling of the Joule heating influence on the circulation and ozone concentration in the middle atmosphere, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 67, 155-162, doi: 10.1016/.jastp.2004.07.024, 2005

  130. B. Dörr, R: Philipona, F: Schubiger, A. Ohmura: Comparison of modelled and observed cloud-free longwave downward radiation over the Alps, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, Vol. 14, No. 1, 47-55, 2005

  131. J. J. Michalsky, R. Dolce, E.G. Dutton, M. Haeffelin, W. Jeffries, T. Stoffel, J. Hickey, A. Los, D. Mathias, L.J.B. McArthur, D. Nelson, R. Philipona, I. Reda, K. Rutledge, G. Zerlaut, B. Forgan, P. Kiedron, C: Long, C: Gueymard: Toward the development of a diffuse horizontal shortwave irradiance working standard, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 110, D06107, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005264, 2005

  132. Jahresbericht PMOD/WRC 2004, 2005

  133. T. Egorova, E. Rozanov, V. Zubov, W. Schmutz, Th. Peter: Influence of solar 11-year variability on chemical composition of the stratosphere and mesosphere simulated with a chemistry-climate model, Advances in Space Research 35, 451-457, 2005

  134. T. Egorova, E. Rozanov, V. Zubov, E. Manzini, W. Schmutz, T. Peter: Chemistry-climate model SOCOL: a validation of the present-day climatology, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 1557-1576, 2005

  135. G. Thuillier, S. Sofia, M. Haberreiter: Past, present and future measurements of the solar diameter, Advances in Space Research 35, 329-340, 2005

  136. M. Haberreiter, N.A. Krivova, W. Schmutz, T. Wenzler: Reconstruction of the solar UV irradiance back to 1974, Advances in Space Research 35, 365-369, 2005

  137. E. Rozanov, M. Schraner, C. Schnadt, T. Egorova, M. Wild, A. Ohmura, V. Zubov, W. Schmutz, Th. Peter: Assessment of the ozone and temperature variability during 1979 - 1993 with the chemistry-climate model SOCOL, Advances in Space Research 35, 1375 - 1384, 2005

  138. C.R. Hoyle, B.P. Luo, T. Peter: The Origin of High Ice Crystal Number Densities in Cirrus Clouds, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Volume 62, 2568 ö 2579, 2005

  139. L. Vuilleumier, J. Gröbner: Operational mode uncertainty for broadband erythemal UV radiometers, Proceedings NEWRAD, 71-72, 2005

  140. M. Blumthaler, J. Schreder, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb: QA/QC of Spectral Solar UV irradiance measurements, Proceedings NEWRAD, 59-60, 2005

  141. A. Los, J. Gröbner: An Assessment of the UV Broad Band Filter Radiometer Measurement Accuracy, 1-5, 2005
  142. C. Ruckstuhl, R. Philipona: TURAC - A New Instrument Package for Radiation Budget Measurements and Cloud Detection, J. Atmosph. Ocean. Technology, Volume 22, 1473-1479, 2005
  143. R. Philipona, B. Dürr, A. Ohmura, C. Ruckstuhl: Anthropogenic greenhouse forcing and strong water vapor feedback increase temperature in Europe, Geophysical research letters, Volume 32, 1-4, 2005
  144. Stella M.L. Melo, K. Strong, M.R. Bassford, K.E. Preston, C.T. McElroy, E.V. Rozanov, T. Egorova: Retrieval of Stratospheric NO2 Vertical Profiles from Ground-Based Zenith-Sky DOAS Measurements: Results for the MANTRA 1998 Field Campaign, Atmosphere-Ocean, Volume 43, 340-350, 2005
  145. U. Schlifkowitz, W. Finsterle, W. Schmutz: Development of a Phase-Sensitive Absolute Radiometer for Space and Ground-Based use, Proceedings of the 17th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, Sandefjord, Norway, 467-469, 2005
  146. Ch. Wehrli: A Network of Aerosol Optical Depth Observations with Precision Filter Radiometers, WMO/GAW Experts Workshop on a Global surface-based Network for Long Term Observations of column Aerosol Optical Properties; Davos, 8-10 March 2004, 36-39, 2004
  147. Th. Holzer-Popp, G. De Laauw, R. Schmoemaker, J. Schaug, Ch. Wehrli: European aerosol optical depth measurments from ground and space, EMEP/CCC-Reposrt 5/2005, 55-61, 2005
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